JD Program Course Descriptions

The courses listed below are courses that MAY be taught. Not all courses are offered each year. The column "Credit Range" indicates the minimum/maximun number of credits per course. The exact number of credit hours per course is assigned by the law school each year. Students cannot choose how many credits they will receive for taking a course. Each year, students receive in advance of Registration, which is accomplished through the MyZou system, a complete list of upcoming courses and the number of credit hours assigned to each course. Thus, this listing of course descriptions and credit range is for guidance ONLY.

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A

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5310Administrative Law1-3Graded
Administrative Law is concerned with the process government agencies use to make decisions. As such it develops the requirements for establishing rules and policies. It also covers the means by which regulations and statutory provisions are enforced by agencies, and the means for securing judicial review of rules and enforcement actions.
5311Adoption, Assisted Reproductive Techniques, & Guardianship1-3Graded
This course covers history of adoption, procedure in modern instate and interstate adoptions, inter country adoption, who may adopt, confidentiality in adoption, post adoption disputes, procedure under the Indian Child Welfare Act and the Interstate Compact for Placement of Children, ARTs (assisted reproductive techniques), guardianship, & payment of money in adoption and collaborative reproduction.
5320Advanced Legal Research1-2Graded
Skills training in advanced research techniques and resources used in law practice. Designed to help students become critical legal information consumers with emphasis on developing effective, cost-efficient research strategies. Topics include advanced litigation research, legislative and regulatory history, audience research, research in transactional practice areas, and research in other practice areas including legal ethics, public interest law, and international law. In-depth practice with Lexis, Westlaw and free internet sources, including appropriate and effective use of social networking tools to extend research.
5321Advanced Legal Writing 1-3Graded
This course is designed to help students to think purposefully about the process of writing and to practice writing and editing in a disciplined way. Students will do exercises involving rhetorical techniques, grammar, punctuation, and word usage. Students also will rewrite of portions of appellate briefs or judicial opinions to emphasize a particular technique, or critique briefs or opinions to do so.
5323Advanced Torts: Dignitary and Economic Torts 1-3Graded
The Advanced Torts: Dignitary and Economic Torts class will examine dignitary and economic torts covering but not limited to such topics as: defamation, invasion of privacy, tortious interference, misrepresentation and injurious falsehood. Unlike tortious conduct that results in an individual suffering physical harm or contact, the claims that arise from these torts represent one of two kinds of non-physical injury - independent dignitary that are similar to or include emotional harms or independent economic or commercial harms. The purpose of the course is to provide students with an opportunity to explore tortious conduct and remedies available that are omitted typically from the First Year Torts course.
5325Advanced Trial Practice1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Evidence; Trial Practice

Advanced Trial Practice will expand student knowledge of opening statements, direct/cross examination of witnesses, jury instructions, closing arguments and will focus significantly on the examination/cross examination of expert witnesses. Grading is based on student participation in examination of witnesses and a semester-ending written trial brief.
5327Advertising & Marketing Law1-3Graded
This course will cover the regulation of false and misleading advertising under the Lanham Act, the FTC Act and state consumer protection laws. Students will examine advertising and analyze what claims are being made and whether those claims are false or misleading under applicable law. Students will examine the procedures available for competitors, the government and consumers to challenge false or misleading advertising and the remedies available through those procedures.
5085Advocacy & Research1-3Graded
This course is subject to change later in the year. Currently, it is an introduction to Computer Assisted Legal Research, written advocacy, oral advocacy, and the Missouri rules of appellate procedure. Each student writes a trial court motion and brief and then argues that motion. Each student also writes an appellate brief and presents an oral argument in the First Year Moot Court Competition directed by the Board of Advocates (BOA). Prerequisite: 510L, 512L Legal Reasoning (1). A limited enrollment course designed to assist first-year students to better understand the legal system, prepare for examinations and improve their legal analysis and reasoning skills.
5332Advocacy and Government Agencies1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Administrative Law or Permission of Instructor

This course will begin with a brief review of the structure of government: what the various programmatic tools (such as different types of regulation and the delivery of services) are, when they are used, how they work, and why. It will look at how to advocate your cause before agencies, such as informal contacts, formal submittals, and the role of scientific and economic information. We will review the increasing use of the web and what it means for interacting with agencies. It will look at how agencies are managed and the reviews inside the government to ensure "quality" decisions. It will look at the ethical requirements on government employees and their effects on advocacy. It will also look at restrictions on the outside, with a brief review of the law of lobbying. A good portion of this class will be practical advocacy before agencies and how to challenge agency action in court. We will also talk about the role of the President (or governor) and Congress (or the legislature) in achieving your goal before an agency. A general familiarity with Administrative Law is critical. Thus, a course in Administrative Law (5310) or its equivalent is required as a prerequisite.
5330Advocacy, Family Violence & Public Policy1-2Graded
Interdisciplinary presentations examine both the state of family violence in America and the cross disciplinary issues in effective intervention, including legal procedures. The seminar is open to 2nd and 3rd year law students and other professional graduate students with permission of the faculty. (Not available to students on probation, except for students classified as 3L students.)
5335Agricultural Law 1-3Graded
Economic and legal aspect of agricultural problems will be analyzed along with the implication of alternative proposals. The agricultural issues to be covered include statutory restrictions of farmland ownership.
5338 American Legal History from 18761-3Graded
Historical study of the development of American law since the Reconstruction. The course will cover such topics as the Civil War amendments to the Constitution; the aftermath of Reconstruction; legal change during the rise of industrialism; race and gender in late 19th century and 20th century America; law in the Progressive Era; the growth of civil liberties and civil rights in the Supreme Court; the law during war and the Depression; jurisprudential trends; and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. The course will explore the effects of historical events on the development of law, but the course does not presume prior study of American history.
5337 American Legal History to 18761-3Graded
Historical study of the development of American law until the end of Reconstruction. The course covers such topics as the impact of the English common law heritage; the development of law in the American colonies; and slavery, race and gender in nineteenth century America. The course will explore the effects of historical events on the development of law, but the course does not presume prior study of American history.
5340Antitrust Law1-3Graded
Introduces antitrust and economic analysis and the role of competition, with emphasis on price fixing, horizontal and vertical restraints of trade, monopoly and merger problems.
5345Appellate Advocacy  1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Advocacy & Research

Enhanced skills training for the preservation and presentation of matters on appeal. In addition, an introductory examination of extraordinary remedies (as a complement to appeal) and other unique actions filed in the Supreme Court of Missouri.
5350Arbitration 1-3Graded
Law, policy and practices relating to the arbitration process as it is utilized in labor and commercial sectors. Topics include modern arbitration statutes (e.g., the Federal Arbitration Act), enforceability of agreements to arbitrate, public policy defenses against enforcement of arbitration agreements, arbitrators and administering institutions, components of the arbitral process, arbitral remedies and awards, and the arbitration award in the courts.

B

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5360Banking Law1-3Graded
This course will review the current banking structure in the United States. The course will focus on the regulatory framework in which banks operate, including types of charters, permitted activities, capital structure and reporting requirements. The course will integrate changes enacted in regulatory reforms mandated by the Dodd-Frank Regulatory Reform Act of 2010, as well as new capital requirements that may be imposed by international agreement (Basel III).
5365Bankruptcy1-3Graded
Focuses on the rights of both secured and unsecured creditors under state and federal law. State law covers collective actions and such individual actions as execution, attachment, garnishment, and the law of fraudulent conveyances. Federal law concentrates on liquidation proceedings under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code and reorganizations for wage earners under Chapter 13 of the Code. Includes, as time permits, an introduction to the business reorganization provisions of Chapter 11.
5370Basic Business Principles for Lawyers1-3Graded
This course is designed for students who want to understand the language and practices of business regardless of whether they contemplate being a business lawyer or not. All lawyers, regardless of their specialty, regularly encounter the language and concepts of business. The purpose of the class is to provide law students with little or no business knowledge or background with the information they need to practice law effectively in a business environment. This class is intended to educate students to be comfortable with business concepts regardless of their prior background. So liberal arts undergraduates should feel comfortable taking this class.
5375Basic Federal Income Taxation1-4Graded
Federal income tax problems of individual taxpayers; nature of income; when and to whom income is taxable; exclusions from tax base; deductions; tax effects of exchange or other disposition of capital assets. This course is designed to introduce students to the income tax considerations that arise in a variety of legal contexts and will benefit even those students not planning to pursue a career in tax.
5380Bioethics Seminar1-3Graded
An examination of some of the legal and ethical issues presented by modern medical science, such as the redefining of death, the withholding or refusal of life-sustaining medical treatment, reproductive technology (which raises issues such as paternity, custody, safety and access), organ transfer, genetic counseling and the public health issues raised by the AIDS epidemic. (Not available to students on probation, except for students classified as 3L students.)
5385BOA Competition1Pass/Fail
While this is a late summer moot court competition directed by the Board of Advocates (BOA), the course registration is for the fall semester. The competition is open to 2Ls and 3Ls, but only 2Ls can advance to the final rounds. Students receive an assignment in the spring, submit their written appellate briefs at the end of July, and participate in oral arguments at the beginning of fall semester. The top six 2L competitors present their final arguments in Jefferson City before Missouri Supreme Court judges. These finalists are invited to represent the law school during the following academic year as members of our regional teams for the National Moot Court Competition. Regional team members must enroll in Moot Court I and Moot Court II. Prerequisite: 5085 Advocacy & Research.
5395Business Organizations1-4Graded
The law schools foundation course in business law; recommended for students in all areas of interest. Course coverage includes the study of agency, partnerships, limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, and corporations. This course is a prerequisite for several advanced electives in business law.
5400Business Planning1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Basic Federal Income Taxation; Business Organizations

This course will address planning considerations involved in the formation, operation, and disposition of a business enterprise. The course will integrate the laws of corporations and partnerships, as well as tax and securities law considerations. It will provide practical experience for students who wish to become transactional attorneys through business problems designed to allow them to identify relevant issues and draft documents resolving those issues.

C

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5410Children & the Law1-3Graded
This course covers the status, rights and obligations of children in contemporary American law; civil proceedings and criminal prosecutions alleging child abuse or neglect; foster care; termination of parental rights; juvenile protective legislation; and delinquency. Emphasis is placed on juvenile justice doctrine, policy and practice issues and the historical and contemporary operation of juvenile and family courts.
5010Civil Procedure I1-3Graded
Fundamental and recurrent problems in civil actions in federal and state courts, remedies, pleading, discovery, trials, jurisdiction, appeals, joinder, and preclusion.
5015Civil Procedure II1-3Graded
Continuation of 5010
5420Client Interviewing and Counseling 1-3Pass/Fail
This course covers the nature and conduct of counseling process including basic interviewing techniques, psychological factors affecting the interviewing process, facilitating and structuring the interview, clarification of statements and ascertaining legal issues, and dealing with client resistance and hostility.
5425Clinical Skills1-4Graded
Prerequisite(s): Evidence; Professional Responsibility

Skills training for students enrolled in the criminal clinic. Lectures and simulations designed to facilitate student skills in case preparation and presentation and client representation: ethical concerns, fact investigation, interviewing and counseling, drafting legal documents, direct and cross exam, making and responding to objections. (Not available to students on probation.)
5313Collateral Consequences of Sentencing 1-3Graded
The class will examine the collateral consequences of sentencing. In three-parts, the course will examine sentencing, the consequences associated with sentencing (i.e. deprivations an disabilities that an offender encounters), and the process of restoration and reentry for offenders following their sentences. Given the scope of offenses and sentences, the course will focus exclusively on felonies and the resultant consequences from such convictions. Part I will provide students with a brief overview of sentencing history and its reform. Part II will focus on the plethora of deprivations and disabilities that offenders encounter upon being sentenced for a felony. And finally, Part III will discuss the various methods and processes for an ex-offender to regain their rights.
5430Commercial Real Estate Leasing1-3Graded
Seminar course that involves the study of selected topics involved in the negotiation, drafting, and Interpretation of commercial real estate leases. These topics will include (among others): rental provisions, defining the premises, use of the premises, condition of the premises, assignments and subleases, maintenance and repairs, casualty, insurance, default/remedies, and collateral lease documentation. The course focuses upon the various parties involved in the process of commercial real estate leasing, their respective interests, and the dynamics of the negotiation and drafting process in which these parties memorialize their respective interests in the lease document. There is heavy focus upon the careful reading, review, negotiation and revision of the lease document. Grading is based upon a series of exercises involving document review, negotiation, and drafting, and includes both individual and group work.
5436Comparative Constitutional Law1-3Graded
The course begins with a discussion of the nature of comparative constitutional law, and the value (and limitations) of comparison. What are the functions of constitutions, and how can constitutions advance constitutionalism? After an examination of the role and structure of constitutional courts in various jurisdictions, the rest of the course will offer comparative perspectives on individual rights - e.g., equality, expression, association, religion, abortion.
6720Comparative Constitutional Law (SA)1-2Graded
The course begins with a discussion of the nature of comparative constitutional law, and the value (and limitations) of comparison. What are the functions of constitutions, and how can constitutions advance constitutionalism? After an examination of the role and structure of constitutional courts in various jurisdictions, the rest of the course will offer comparative perspectives on individual rights - e.g., equality, expression, association, religion, abortion. (Offered in South Africa Program only.)
6730Comparative Criminal Justice (SA)1-2Graded
"This course will explore a number of critical issues that confront the criminal justice system of both South Africa and the United States. Specially, we will look at prison overcrowding, plea bargaining, the death penalty, the delivery of indigent defense services and sentencing policies. Not surprising, the legal system of each country faces common problems as each country struggles to provide fair and efficient procedures for coping with ever increasing numbers of criminal cases. The course will examine the extent to which various factors including the structure of each system, history, culture, institutional developments and legal norms influence the systems handling of these issues. Readings, lectures, videos and field trips in the Cape Town area will provide students from both countries a keen appreciation for the interplay between theory and practice in both systems. The Faculty will draw upon their experiences in their respective systems to highlight the similarities and differences in the administration of justice in each country. Students will gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of each system and of the difficulty of achieving meaningful reform in either country. (Offered in South Africa Program only.)"
6710Comparative Dispute Resolution (SA)1-2Graded
This course will explore a number of critical issues in the ways that societies structure their dispute resolutions systems. The course will analyze and compare a range of dispute resolution processes (such as litigation, negotiation, mediation, and arbitration) and applications to deal with specific types of problems (such as criminal, employment, public policy, family conflicts) in different societies. The course will examine the extent to which various factors such as the history, culture, institutional developments, legal norms influence the systems for handling of these issues. The course will include readings, lectures, and exercises to provide students with an enhanced understanding of differences in dispute resolution processes. (Offered in South Africa Program only.)
5435Comparative Law1-3Graded
This course examines differences and similarities between the major legal systems of the world, focusing on distinct areas of substantive and procedural law to demonstrate diverse methods of addressing similar legal issues.The course includes a discussion of the historical distinctions between the common and civil law traditions but also moves the analysis forward to address more recent legal innovations and the recognition of new groupings of legal systems. Students will leave the class with a solid understanding of (1) how U.S. legal principles compare to approaches used elsewhere and (2) the uses and benefits of the comparative approach. Principles taught in this course will be equally applicable to those who anticipate practicing domestic U.S. law as well as those who expect to develop an international practice. No foreign language skills are necessary for this course.
5440Complex Litigation1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Civil Procedure

Will examine principles and practical techniques relevant to complex civil cases. Building on civil procedure, the course will focus on litigation involving multiple parties and/or multiple jurisdictions. Each student will be required to complete several drafting assignments.
5450Conflict & Conflict Management1-3Graded
This course is designed to give lawyers a better understanding of the meaning and dynamics of conflict, so they may better understand their client's situations, as well as the mechanisms that may be most appropriate to the resolution of any particular dispute. Course draws its theoretical teachings from a variety of disciplines beyond law: psychology, sociology, anthropology and economics. This course is also open to Journalism students.
5445Conflict of Laws1-3Graded
Study of how disputes, and transactions are affected by having contacts with more than one jurisdiction. The three principal areas of study are: Where can suit be brought? What law will be applied? What will be the effect of any judgment?
5415Constitutional & Civil Rights Litigation1-3Graded
Advanced analysis of the protection of civil liberties that derive from the U. S. Constitution and federal statutes. The statutes which will be covered most extensively include the Reconstruction Era laws now codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981, 1983 and 1985, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title IX of the Educational Amends. of 1972, and Titles II and VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
5451Constitutional Faith1-3Graded
Justice Hugo Black famously described his commitment to the Constitution as a "constitutional faith." The civil religion of the Constitution may well be the country's most widely held faith. This seminar explores the many meanings - and the dilemmas - of Americans' constitutional faith. We will begin by considering the Constitution's status as a "sacred text," one that performs the same sort of public functions in American life that the Bible performed for western democracies in earlier centuries: binding together the populace and giving citizens a shared sense of meaning. From there we will turn to a series of interlocking questions that the Constitution's sacred status poses: What, precisely, is the Constitution? Is it the text - or tradition - or something else? Who has authority to interpret the Constitution (whatever it is)? Does it deserve veneration - or is it in fact flawed or inefficient or even immoral? Finally, how should one read the Constitution we have? Students will ultimately be asked to decide whether "constitutional faith" is really worth embracing. We will explore these questions together in a discussion-based format, drawing on readings from the fields of law, political science, and religion. There are no prerequisites for this seminar. Class attendance and participation is mandatory, and will account for 30 percent of the final grade. The remaining 70 percent will be based on a seminar paper, at least twenty pages in length, on a topic of the student's choosing (with instructor approval). This class will satisfy the writing requirement.
5452Constitutional Litigation1-3Graded
This course will focus on federal constitutional adjudication from the viewpoint of the litigator and the law clerk with a view towards (among other things) preparing students for federal and state clerkships. Students will consider specific substantive questions of constitutional law currently pending before the Supreme Court. They will each argue two cases taken from the Supreme Court docket; participate in oral arguments as guest judges; write one petition for certiorari from an Eighth Circuit case; and draft a Supreme Court brief. Students will have an opportunity to argue at the Missouri Supreme Court before sitting Supreme Court Judges.
5220Constitutional Law1-4Graded
Study of the theories of judicial review and justiciability, sources of federal legislative power, commerce, taxing, spending, treaty, presidential and military powers, power of states to regulate and tax interstate commerce, preemption, state actions doctrine, due process, equal protection, and First Amendment rights.
5020Contracts I1-3Graded
Contract formation, insufficient and defective agreement, bases of promissory liability (including consideration and promissory estoppel), restitution, and abuse of bargaining process. Statute of frauds, parol evidence rule and principles of interpretation, contract performance and risk allocation, remedies for breach
5025Contracts II1-3Graded
A continuation of 5020
5454Contract Drafting 1-3Graded
This course teaches students the principles of drafting commercial agreements. Although the course will be of particular interest to students pursuing a corporate or commercial law career, the concepts are applicable to any transactional practice. Students will learn how transactional lawyers translate the business deal into contract provisions, as well as techniques for minimizing ambiguity and drafting with clarity. Through a combination of lecture, hands-on drafting exercises, and extensive homework assignments, students will learn about different types of contracts, other documents used in commercial transactions, and the drafting problems the contracts and documents present. The course will also focus on how a drafter can add value to a deal by finding, analyzing, and resolving business issues. Grades will be based on the graded assignments, good faith completion of the ungraded assignments, and class participation.
5455Copyright Law1-3Graded
Nature of copyright law; common law misappropriation; scope of common law copyrights; Copyright Revision Act of 1976 as amended: formalities of registration (fixation, copyright notice); copyrightable subject matter; originality; exclusive rights of copyright owner; scope of copyright protection; substantial similarity and infringement; fair use; joint and composite works; duration, renewal, termination, transfer; remedies; artists moral rights; federal preemption; international protection; copyrightability of computer software; copyright issues on the Internet.
5460Corporate Finance1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Business Organizations

Legal principles of corporate finance, including: considerations of capital structure; characteristics of various types of corporate securities; mechanics of securities issuance; principles of contract interpretation applied to securities; application of basic principles of fiduciary obligations in issuers having outstanding multiple classes of securities and in transactions affecting finance; distributions in respect of securities; as time permits, basic principles of valuation for legal purposes. This class is not duplicative of a class in the economics of corporate finance; and prior study of the economics of corporate finance is not a prerequisite. Students cannot enroll concurrently in Corporate Finance and Deal Skills. Students who have completed Deal Skills are precluded from enrolling in Corporate Finance. However, students are allowed to enroll in Deal Skills even if they have already taken Corporate Finance
5465Corporate Taxation1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Basic Federal Income Taxation

This course will provide and in-depth study of the federal income taxation of corporations and their shareholders, including the tax aspects of forming and capitalizing a corporation, corporate distributions, redemptions, and taxable and tax-free corporate liquidations. This course will be taught using the problem method of instruction.
5470Criminal Clinic (Prosecution) 1-5* Graded
The Criminal Clinic is available during both the Fall and Winter semesters. It can only be taken once. Enrollment is limited to 8 students per semester. Students must also enroll in Clinical Skills and Criminal Clinic Writing Project and have completed, or be enrolled in, Professional Responsibility. Students must have prior permission of Professor Johnson to enroll. The companion Criminal Clinic Writing Project course will be graded but does not fulfill the "writing" requirement for graduation. (Not available to students on probation.)

* Including connected crim skills & writing project.
5475 Criminal Clinic Writing Project 1-2* Graded
This is the Writing Section accompanying course 5470

* Including connected crim skills & writing project.
5477Criminal Justice Administration 1-3Graded
This course will examine the justice system's processing of formal criminal cases from the point at which a defendant is formally charged forward. In other words, it will be a "procedure" course reviewing the processing and adjudication of criminal cases. Topics might include the defendant's rights under the Sixth Amendment (including jury trial, speedy trial, confrontation clause, and compulsory process rights), Eighth Amendment issues (including bail and cruel and unusual punishment), criminal discovery (including the prosecutor's Brady obligation to provide exculpatory evidence to defendants and notice requirements for alibi and insanity defenses), expert witnesses, pretrial and trial publicity, plea bargaining, sentencing (under discretionary, guidelines, and minimum mandatory systems), criminal appeals, and post-conviction relief (habeas corpus, pardons, and commutations). The course may also review advanced topics in the substantive criminal law, including such issues as fraud, other white collar crimes, conspiracy, and the expanding federal presence in investigation, prosecution, and incarceration. In other words, this will be both an advanced criminal procedure course (similar to "bail to jail" courses at other law schools) and an advanced criminal law course. It is strongly recommended that students successfully complete both Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure before taking this course.
5035Criminal Law1-4Graded
The purposes of criminal law, nature of criminal responsibility, characteristics of particular crimes
5480Criminal litigation skills 1-3Graded
This skills course concentrates on the pretrial process in the criminal justice system. Topics include attorney-client decision making, interviewing, counseling, plea bargaining and voir dire.
5240Criminal Procedure 1-3Graded
Constitutional and other limitations placed upon law enforcement officers and prosecutors.
5485Cross Cultural Dispute Resolution1-3Graded
The course will focus on the impact culture can have on the private ordering of disputes. Culture affects communication, perceptions regarding conflict and methods for resolution. As the world becomes more interrelated and Missouri and the U.S. more diverse, lawyers need to be prepared to resolve problems across cultural lines. 20-25% of the grade will come from timely attendance and class participation.

D

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5496Deal Skills Class 1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Business Organizations

This course introduces students to business and legal issues common to commercial transactions. The class will emphasize the thought processes involved in, and required by, the practice of transactional law, including such skills as interviewing, counseling and communicating with your client, understanding business issues and drafting contract provisions to reflect those issues, negotiating deals and managing a transaction closing. The course will be conducted through simulation exercises, in-class role-plays and lectures and will also include out-of-class due diligence, negotiation and other exercises. Students cannot enroll concurrently in Corporate Finance and Deal Skills. Students who have completed Deal Skills are precluded from enrolling in Corporate Finance. However, students are allowed to enroll in Deal Skills even if they have already taken Corporate Finance.
5497Death Penalty Law1-3Graded
The primary focus of this course will be on the Supreme Court's capital punishment jurisprudence over the past thirty-five years, with particular attention to how it has shaped state statutory schemes and legal argumentation in capital sentencing trials.
5520Drafting Legal Instruments1-2Pass/Fail
Prerequisite(s): Must be a third year student

Problems frequently encountered in general office practice (land transfers, mortgages, leases, contracts, wills, business organizations, etc.), with drafting of the related instruments. Use and adaptation of legal forms. Graded S/U.

E

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5525Education Law1-3Graded
This course examines the application of discrete doctrines from criminal law, constitutional law, juvenile law, employment law, and disability law to the legal problems facing American schools. Students will explore the ways in which the objectives of these discrete legal doctrines either promote or interfere with our educational policies. Substantive areas of concentration include state regulation of education; freedom of speech, association and religion; equal educational opportunity; employment of teachers; and discipline of students.
5526Education Reform Law1-3Graded
When people think of laws enacted to effectuate education reform, the No Child Left Behind Act usually comes to mind. However, the seeds of education reform law were planted much earlier in the desegregation era and in the decades of litigation over the adequacy of school funding. After reviewing these judicial strategies, the class will then examine contemporary state legislative experiments with vouchers and with charter schools, and the growing federal legislative role in education reform (e.g. No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top). As time and interests dictate, we will also look at reform ideas dealing with topics such as teacher quality and merit pay, teacher unions, alternative teacher certification rules, inequitable student discipline, standardized testing, and expanded access to state pre-K. A central theme will be exploration of the extent to which "the law" can play a useful role improving educational quality and equity.
5530Elder Law1-3Graded
This course addresses legal issues impacting older individuals, including discussion of government benefits (Social Security, Medicaid, Medicare, Supplemental Security Income), long-term care (types, contract issues, civil rights, and financial planning), guardianship and conservatorship, planning for incapacity, and health care decisions at the end of life. The course emphasizes planning techniques for the average client. Grade will be based on a short paper and take-home exam. The course may be taken for writing credit.
5532Election Law1-3Graded
Election Law has become more important in recent years. This course will introduce students to the many theoretical and practical constitutional, statutory, common law, and policy issues that accompany the franchise, including: legislative districting, voting rights, campaign finance, political parties, interest groups, direct democracy, and alternative democratic structures. The course will emphasize federal law, but will also address Missouri state law as appropriate.
5534Electronic Discovery1-3Graded
Electronic Discovery provides an in-depth treatment of the legal, technical, and cost management issues involving electronically stored information ("ESI") in civil litigation. Covers the 2006 FRCP ESI amendments: (Rules 26 meet and confer, 34 production, and 37 sanctions), FRE 502 (privilege review and production), state e-discovery rules, the rapidly developing ESI case law, and emerging best practices from the Sedona Conference Cooperation Proclamation, the Electronic Discovery Reference Model, and other e-discovery authorities. Practice drafting litigation holds, preservation orders, and related e-discovery documents regularly used in civil litigation. Grading is based on student projects and a final examination.
5540Employment Discrimination1-3Graded
This course examines the laws which prohibit discriminatory practices in employment. Title VII is the primary focus, but coverage is also given to the Equal Pay Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act. Additionally, the course addresses the administrative processes available for dealing with employment discrimination complaints, the prima facie case requirement and burden shifting analysis used in civil rights cases, and affirmative action requirements.
5543Employment Law1-3Graded
Employment Law focuses on the legal relationship between employers and employees in the non-unionized workplace. The course will survey a variety of issues regarding the establishment, maintenance and termination of the employment relationship. For example, the course will cover the common law aspects of that relationship, particularly contracts and torts. It will examine statutory modifications of the common law in areas such as wage and hours, pensions, whistle-blower protection, unemployment insurance, workers compensation, and health and safety.
5545Environmental Law1-3Graded
Federal and state regulation of the environment, including the economic and philosophical foundations of environmental regulation, the common law roots of environmental regulation, and substantive coverage of a number of environmental statutes, such as the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and Endangered Species Act.
5555Estate Planning and Taxation1-4Graded
This is a tax-oriented planning course, including discussion of federal estate and gift tax, income taxation of estates and trusts, and techniques for transferring property at a minimal tax cost both during life and at death. Grade will be based on the preparation of one or more projects. Law 5560, Estates and Trusts, is a prerequisite and Law 5375, Basic Federal Income Taxation is either a prerequisite or a co-requisite.
5560Estates and Trusts1-4Graded
Wills: probate process and will contests; intestate succession; restrictions on testation; execution, revocation, revival of wills; integration, incorporation by reference, events of independent significance; will substitutes; will construction; family protection. Trusts: elements and creation; modification and termination; beneficial interests; charitable trusts; trust construction; powers of appointment; trust administration and fiduciary duties.
5565European Union Law1-3Graded
Introduction to the law of the European Union. Emphasis will be on the constitution of the Union: treaty structure, institutions including the European Court of Justice and its jurisdiction, relationships of EU law and institutions to those Member States, and the role of the EU in external relations. Substantive topics include the four freedoms (free movement of goods, persons, services and capital among the Member States), competition policy, and harmonization of laws; others may include environmental protection, social policy, gender equality and monetary union.
5260Evidence1-4Graded
The basic law of evidence; use in trials, relevancy, circumstantial proof and real proof; use of witnesses, methods of examination; presumptions and burden of proof; functions of judge and jury.
5570Externship2-3Pass/Fail
The Externship offers students an opportunity to develop the skills necessary to bridge the gap between law school and law practice. Through the Externship, students prepare for "effective and responsible participation in the legal profession" (ABA Std. 301) by applying the core concepts learned in law school courses to the challenges presented in the actual, in-office practice of law. Details concerning the requirements and structure of the course are available at the Externship webpage. Students cannot take more than 6 hours of Externship credits. Credits earned in the Landlord/Tenant Practicum count toward that 6-hour Externship limit.

F

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5572Fair Housing1-3Graded
The goals of this course are (1) to provide students with a conceptual framework for understanding the different forms that housing discrimination can take and how such discrimination affects our society, and (2) to equip students with practical tools for analyzing and litigating fair housing cases. The course will focus primarily on the Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968, and the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988. We will examine the Fair Housing Act, its legislative history, early case law, and the development of the basic doctrine. We will progress to the "modern" era of fair housing law, after the Fair Housing Amendments Act added disability and familial status as protected classes. We will explore the ways in which the concept of what constitutes "housing discrimination" has expanded, and how the law has developed accordingly. For example, we will discuss sexual harassment in housing, and the requirements that new multifamily housing be built so that it is accessible to persons with disabilities. In addition, the course will cover more systematic ways in which housing discrimination can manifest itself, such as through municipal land use and zoning decisions, and the mortgage lending practices of financial institutions (including discriminatory refusals to lend, redlining, and predatory lending). In addition to these doctrinal issues, the course will cover the private and public enforcement mechanisms of the Act; theories of liability (including disparate treatment, disparate impact, and failure to reasonably accommodate); damages; and issues of proof (including the uses of statistical and testing evidence).
5575Family Law1-3Graded
After surveying the variety of family arrangements in contemporary America and central issues concerning the practice of domestic relations law, this course covers marriage; dissolution; distribution of marital property; alimony; child custody, visitation and support; post-dissolution disputes over custody and child-rearing; non-marital families and non-marital children; private agreements in family law; and alternative dispute resolution in family law. The course treats the rapid evolution of constitutional and statutory doctrine, the value of collaboration with other professions in client representation, and ethical and policy issues.
5577Family Law Dispute Resolution1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Family Law

This course involves students performing simulations of litigation and non-litigation dispute resolution procedures used in family law cases. The course begins with discussion of family dynamics (including issues such as child development and domestic violence), the family court system, and distinctive professional challenges for family lawyers. Exercises involve procedures such as interviewing clients, screening for domestic violence, working with other lawyers, engaging child custody evaluators and parenting coordinators, conducting and defending depositions, preparing for and conducting negotiation and mediation, arguing contested motions in court hearings, and drafting settlement agreements and court orders.
5580Family Violence Clinic: Individual & Social Justice1-4Graded
Prerequisite(s): Professional Responsibility

The clinic is graded and enrollment is limited to 8 students per semester. The Family Violence Clinic serves indigent abuse victims in 30 rural Missouri counties. Rule 13 certified law students represent abused women and/or children in protective order hearings, and undertake related litigation necessitated by abuse including custody, guardianship and adoption actions. Students also do inter country cases to secure permanency for children. Students may also undertake faculty guided social justice projects including drafting  legislation and providing testimony to legislative committees, conducting statewide investigations on the response to violence against women and children often in collaboration with the MU Schools of Journalism and Medicine, and providing legal help with community organization. The Advocacy, Family Violence, and Public Policy courses must be taken in the fall by all clinic students. Students must have prior permission of Professor Beck to enroll, and must become Rule 13 certified to participate. (Not available to students on probation.)
5585Federal Courts1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Constitutional Law (may be concurrent)

The role of federal courts and their relationship to state courts. Topics covered: justiciability; federal question and diversity jurisdiction, sovereign immunity; abstention; and habeas corpus.
5584Fiduciary Administration1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Estates and Trusts

This course will cover key issues that arise in the administration of decedent's estates and trusts, including the necessity for probate, rights of creditors, the fiduciary obligations of trustees and personal representatives, investments, and accountings and distribution. Depending on class size, grading will be based either on an exam, a practice-oriented project, or both.
5591Food Law & Policy1-3Graded

This course examines the laws that govern food safety and food labeling and considers how well this network works to protect American consumers. It also considers current issues affecting the global food system. Representative topics include recent food safety problems such as tainted meat and salmonella contamination of eggs; food labeling issues such as the use of the term "grass fed" in meat labeling and the use of GMO seed; organic standards; government efforts to address the obesity problem; urban food deserts; animal welfare concerns; the regulation of pet food, and the like. Specific topics addressed each semester will depend on current events and recent legal developments. Students will be graded on the basis of a final exam and class participation. The course will often include a writing section designed to meet the upper-level writing requirement. The course may be offered from time to time as a paper-only course, designed to meet the upper-level writing requirement.

5587Foreign Affairs and the Constitution1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Constitutional Law (International Law is recommended but not required)

This course will focus on the laws governing and related to the conduct of foreign relations by the United States including the respective powers of Congress, the president, the courts, and the states and the application of those powers overseas. The course also considers the relationship between constitutional and international law and the domestic legal system of the US.
5588Forensic Science & Law1-2Graded
This course provides an introduction to forensic science for law students. The course focuses on admissibility of forensic experts and evidence under Daubert and Frye standards, medico-legal death investigation, the coroner's role including potential liability, basic forensic science topics, patterns of injuries, and problems attorneys are likely to confront in court room proceedings. Students will gain familiarity with blood spatter, semen analysis, DNA, trace evidence, fingerprints, impressions, ballistics, tool markings, handwriting evaluation, toxicology and quality control/assurance of forensic laboratories. The course will center on formal lectures with selected case book readings that demonstrate the judicial use of forensic science. At the end of the course, a comprehensive final will be given, consisting of multiple choice questions and short essays.
5589The Fourteenth Amendment1-3Graded
This course will build on Constitutional Law I by focusing on the constitutional revolution achieved by the Fourteenth Amendment. The course will begin by exploring the passage of the Amendment and its early interpretation, before turning to focus on the development of modern due process and equal protection law. Topics to be covered include incorporation, substantive due process and the right to privacy, race and gender equality, fundamental rights, and state action doctrine. Students will also be introduced to Section 5 questions regarding the scope of Congress' ability to enforce the Amendment.
5590Freedom of Speech and Association1-3Graded
A study of the rights of speech and association under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. Major Supreme Court decisions regarding freedom of speech, including content-based and content-neutral restrictions of speech, regulation of commercial speech, regulation of obscenity and pornography, regulation of speech in public and private fora, libel and privacy law, forced association with persons or ideas and subsidization of speech.

G

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5595Gender & the Law1-3Graded
A study of the treatment of gender by the legal system. Topics will include: a survey of writings by influential feminist legal scholars, historians and social scientists; a comparison of different theoretical frameworks; and an overview of substantive law and the latest legal developments involving gender. The primary aim of the course is to study various feminist theories to discern how gender is viewed by today's lawmakers and courts.
5605Government Information and Privacy1-3Graded
This class examines legal issues raised by the government and private citizen's access to each other's information. The issue of privacy raised by such acess is examined in the context of the common law, fourth amendment, first amendment and federal statutory context. The access to government information issue is examined in the context of FOIA, various executive privileges, and the First Amendment.

H

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5615Health Care Law: The Doctor-Patient Relationship1-3Graded
An examination of the law governing the interactions between patients and their health care providers (doctors, hospitals, and managed care organizations). It will focus on rules governing duty to treat, confidentiality, informed consent, medical malpractice liability, institutional vicarious liability, managed care liability, ERISA preemption, and medical malpractice reform. As time permits, the class may also cover selected elements of public health law.
5616Health Organization & Finance Law1-3Graded
This upper-level health law course focuses on the regulation, structure, and financing of the U.S. health care system. Regulatory and structural issues include the legal organization of health care institutions, accreditation, medical staff disputes, managed care, fraud and abuse, tax exemption, health care transactions, and antitrust. Access and financing issues include private health insurance and Medicare and Medicaid. The Affordable Care Act and its effect on these various issues will also be addressed.

I

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5632Innocence Project Clinic 1-4Pass/Fail
This is a joint clinic among the MU and UMKC law schools, the MU School of Journalism and a non-profit group and is called The Midwestern Innocence Project. Law students will work under the supervision of the Clinic Director, UMKC Associate Professor Tiffany Murphy, on cases of possible actual innocence from six states. Requires Permission of Instructor and Rule 13 Eligibility MAY be required. Wrongful Convictions is a prerequisite. Professional Responsibility is a prerequisite or co-requisite.
5632Individual Employment Rights 1-3Graded
This course explores the legal environment in which non-unionized employees and their employers operate.
5635Insurance Law1-3Graded
A basic course in the fundamentals of insurance law. Topics covered include: defining insurance; risk and the nature of the insurance relationship; insurable interests; indemnity; fortuity; subrogation; coordination of benefits; interpretation; rights at variance with policy provisions; contract formation; warranties, misrepresentation and concealment; conditions; agents and brokers; introduction to regulation; introduction to insurance coverage.
5640Intellectual Property1-3Graded
This course is an introduction to the four broad areas of intellectual property. Students will learn about intellectual property, using a pedagogy that will build upon the property, contract, and tort knowledge gained from the first year curriculum. The course will cover trademarks, trade secrets, patent law, and copyright law. Thus, the course will cover how one obtains the special property rights called the copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret. It will also cover how these property rights can be bought, sold and otherwise transferred via contract. Further, the course will cover how these intellectual property property rights are protected from the tortious act of infringement, as well as any defenses to infringe-ment. It is important to note that this introductory class cannot be used to satisfy any of the requirements for the Intellectual Property certificate; nor is this introductory course a substitute for the more in-depth coverage offered by Patent Law & Policy, Copyright Law or Trademark Law. Rather, it is designed to allow students to explore basic intellectual property issues and to meet any prerequisites for Cyberspace Law, Software Law and International Intellectual Property. Students may find that taking this introductory course complements the rest of the intellectual property curriculum. Class participation and preparation is required, as is class attendance. An exam and several small written projects will be required. Law students should anticipate that this course might be cross-listed, allowing other departments to register graduate students.
5641Intellectual Property Licensing1-3Graded
Controversies about the laws surrounding management, use, and licensing of intellectual property frequently dominate the headlines. This course focuses on the realm of intellectual property licensing. Through theoretical discussions and practical exercises, we will examine the many facets of the licensing process, from determination of ownership to decisions on enforcement.
5652International Commercial Arbitration1-3Graded
International commercial arbitration is often the preferred means by which sophisticated international businesses resolve their disputes. This course offers a study of arbitration as a dispute resolution process for international trade and business disputes. This course reviews ad hoc and institutional arbitration, the authority of arbitral panels, enforcement of agreement to arbitrate, challenging arbitrators, procedure and choice of law in arbitral proceedings, and enforcement of international arbitral awards. Special attention will be given to the international convention on the recognition and enforcement of international arbitral agreements and awards (New York Convention) and the UNCITRAL (U.N. Commission of International Trade Law) arbitral rules and model law. The course focuses on commercial arbitration as an international practice and not on arbitration under any particular national system.
5660International Human Rights1-3Graded
The purpose of this course is to enable students to develop a basic understanding of the concept of international human rights law and the role played by international and regional organizations, states and private actors in defining and enforcing human rights. Beginning with the historical origins of human rights, the course will examine the international and regional human rights instruments and institutions that form the sources of human rights law (the UN system, including the Charter and treaties, European, African and Inter-American human rights regimes). It will also examine the role of non-governmental organization, the International Criminal Court and international humanitarian law (the law of war), and the interaction between US civil rights law and international human rights. Throughout the course, students will be introduced to important critical themes of human rights, including: the distinction between public and private acts, evolving theories of statehood, sovereignty immunity, cultural relativism and the western tradition of individual rights, and the relationship between rights and duties. Issues examined will include: political participation and democratization, religious freedom, the use of torture, corporate liability, women's rights, the rights and status of refugees, genocide and war crimes.
5665International Law1-3Graded
Introduction to the international legal system, with emphasis on relations between nation-states or international entities. Topics include statehood and recognition, legislative and judicial jurisdiction, human rights and the status of the individual, treaties and international organizations.
5675International Taxation1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Basic Federal Income Taxation

This course will examine the federal income tax treatment of international transactions. It will focus on the principles and policies underlying the United States tax system as it relates to income earned by U.S. citizens and residents doing business and investing outside the country, as well as income derived from foreign persons doing business and investing in the United States. Topics include jurisdiction issues, source of income rules, effectively connected income, FDAP income, the foreign tax credit, the role of tax traties in international tax, and an introduction to subpart F and other anti-deferral mechanisms. This course will be taught using the problem method of instruction.
5677Internet Law and Practice1-3Graded
This course will focus on preparing to advise business clients dealing with electronic commerce and internet law issues. There is no technological background requirement or prerequisite to take the class. We will explore a variety of themes including the control over the internet by both government and private actors; how online activities differ from their offline counterparts; and how the laws should react to new forms of interaction and social structures found online. Specific doctrinal topics include problems of digital authorship and publication including rights of anonymity, copyrights, trademarks, defamation and other torts; sales and licensing of products; marketing, advertising and data-mining, including privacy issues; jurisdiction over online actors; and cyber-squatting. Grades will be based on the final exam and an optional short paper.

J

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5670Jessup International Moot Court1Pass/Fail
The structure and jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice and the techniques and resources for research in international law. Purpose of the course is to prepare students for the Jessup International Moot Court Competition. Students are not precluded from taking International Law by taking this course.
5680Journal of Dispute Resolution1-3Pass/Fail
Credit for work as prescribed by the faculty for members of the Journal of Dispute Resolution. Graded S/U.
5681Judicial Clinic1-2Pass/Fail
Students will serve as law clerks to judges, averaging 7-10 hours per week. Working under the supervision of a judge students will assist in researching issues, drafting, and aiding the judge in resolution of pending issues. Students may be assigned to judges at the Missouri Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Federal District Court, and Missouri Circuit Courts. Students will be expected to meet periodically with the professor and to maintain a journal of their activities. Students must also enroll in the Judicial Clinic Seminar. Prerequisite: 5280 Professional Responsibility. Enrollment only by permission of the Professor. (Not available to students on probation.)
5682Judicial Clinic Seminar1-2Pass/Fail
The course covers the role of the judge and law clerk; judicial opinion writing; docket management and control; judicial qualifications; selection and training; judicial ethics; disqualification and recusal; and removal and discipline of judges. Practicing and former judges may serve as periodic guest professors. Grade will be based on a course related research paper. Students must also enroll in Judicial Clinic. Prerequisite: 5280 Professional Responsibility. Enrollment only by permission of Professor. (Not available to students on probation.)
5690Jurisprudence1-3Graded
The major part of the course will cover classic jurisprudential questions about the nature of law - what law is- and related questions regarding judicial decision-making: Under what conditions is a rule a law within a legal system? Are there moral principles that are part of the law even though a legislature has not enacted them? How do judges actually interpret statutes and constitutional clauses? How should they interpret them and are there definitive right answers to disputes about what the law is? Is it possible to refrain from "legislating from the bench," or does judicial decision-making necessarily involve making new law based on moral and political judgments? In the second part of the course, we will begin thinking about the proper function or aim of some core areas of substantive law. For example, questions might include: Does the criminal law aim to exact retributive justice, to achieve deterrence, or both? Is it legitimate for a legislature to use law to enforce morality or the community's moral beliefs? Does tort law aim to achieve corrective justice? Does corrective justice require reparations to groups for long past injuries? Readings will include Hart, Fuller, Dworkin, Raz, Ely, Holmes, Scalia, Feinberg, and others.
5691Jury Instructions1-2Graded
Theoretical and practical aspects of jury instructions (including general and special verdicts) at trial are presented from the perspectives of the judge, counsel, the jury, and the court of appeals. The course will involve the students in researching and drafting instructions, using pattern instructions, observing or participating in a simulated jury instruction conference, and writing an appellate court opinion that describes what the student has learned during the course.

L

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5695Labor Law1-3Graded
The regulation of relations between employers and labor unions at common law and under federal and state legislation; primary emphasis on the National Labor Relations Act, as amended.
5697Landlord Tenant Law & Practice 1Graded
This course primarily focuses on litigation under the Missouri Landlord Tenant statute and under federal administrative regulations governing public entities which provide housing and housing subsidies to low-income people including the processes for litigating against such entities. The course will address proper pleading, relevant evidentiary issues, and requisite settlement skills/strategies. This course is available to all 2L's and 3L's and requires Rule 13 certification. The course is required for all students enrolled in the Landlord/Tenant Practicum.
5698Landlord/Tenant Practicum 1-3Pass/Fail
Prerequisite(s)/Corequisite: Landlord Tenant Law & Practice

The Landlord-Tenant Practicum serves indigent individuals in Mid Missouri. A Mid Missouri Legal Services Corporation staff attorney supervises Rule 13 certified law students representing tenants including but not limited to those who are being evicted and/or who wish to sue their landlords for habitability or security deposit non-return. Students may also represent tenants who reside in public or subsidized housing in administrative actions brought by or against a Housing Authority. The practicum is graded and enrollment is limited. Landlord/Tenant Law and Practice is a pre or co-requisite. Credits earned in the Landlord/Tenant Practicum count toward that 6-hour Externship limit.
5700Land Use Controls1-3Graded
This course focuses on laws governing the use and development of land. The course examines legal rules and policy considerations related to zoning, subdivision controls, building codes, historic preservation, aesthetic regulation, growth management, eminent domain, nuisance law, regional land use conflicts, development exactions, and environmental land use restrictions.
5720Law & Literature1-3Graded
An examination of the relationship between law and literature, falling into two main areas: law-in-literature (law, legal institutions, and lawyers as depicted in literary works) and law-as-literature (legal documents as literary texts subject to literary techniques of textual analysis and criticism), with emphasis on the former. Specific content may vary from year to year. Readings will include literary and legal texts.
5722Law & Religion1-3Graded
This course utilizes works of literature as catalysts to facilitate a conversation about the intersections of faith and justice. The course examines a series of themes relating broadly to Western and Near Eastern religious and legal culture. These include: divine intervention, God as lawgiver, the early Christian church, the rise of the institutional church, the life of St. Thomas More, and law and Islam. The grade in this course will be based on two components - a final paper worth 70% of the grade, and class participation, worth 30% of the grade.
5725Law and Social Science1-3Graded
The course takes a social science approach to our understanding of the law, legal developments and legal institutions. Among the topics to be discussed are: historical, theoretical, and political science study of the law, courts, and the judicial process; the policymaking role and impact of the courts; the dynamics and determinants of judicial decisionmaking; and historical accounts of the development of private law.
5726Law & Society1-2Graded
Law is a common and yet distinct element of daily life in modern societies, and not only shapes society but is also shaped by society. The creation, interpretation, and enforcement of laws occur in the context of historical changes, societal norms, and the subjective concerns and whims of those charged with its creation. Utilizing an interdisciplinary perspective, the course will explore the nature of law as a set of social systems, central actors in the systems, legal reasoning, and the relationship of the legal form and reasoning to social change. By the end of the course, students should be able to evaluate the law and legal institutions, especially in relation to equality, justice, and fairness, and understand how law is involved in the processes of social control, social conflict, and social change.
5727Law of Tax Exempt Organizations1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Basic Federal Income Taxation; Business Organizations helpful.
This course will briefly address theories and rationale for exempt organizations and examine in some depth the Internal Revenue Services' tests for tax-exemption and the major types of 501(c)(3) organizations and related contribution deductions, as well as a collection of other 501(c) associations. Attention will be paid to state law regarding formation and operation of Missouri Nonprofit corporations and the IRS application process for recognition of tax-exemption in addition to nonprofit corporate fovernance matters. Focus will be on Internal Revenue Code provisions, treasury Regulations, IRS interpretive rulings and case law.
5728Law of War1-3Graded
According to Colonel Wang Ziangsui of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, developing countries should recognize that ""the first rule of unrestricted warfare is that there are no rules, with nothing forbidden."" Is this true, or can there be Jus in Bello (Justice in War)? In the first phase of this course, we will examine the philosophy of regulating the law of war, the history of attempts to regulate warfare, and the United States' current posture on the law of war. In the second phase, we will examine laws governing the use of force during conflict (military necessity, proportionality, unnecessary suffering, and the targeting of civilians). We will conclude with a study of the laws governing post-submission opponents( the Geneva Conventions) and issues such as detention, lawful ruses, and unlawful perfidy.
5721Law Pratice Management1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Professional Responsibility

Managing a successful law practice requires time and project management skills, as well as knowledge about the business of practicing law. This course explores the practical and ethical challenges that confront the solo or small firm lawyer. Students will be introduced to a range of resources for the solo and small firm lawyer, and gain practical experience in preparing a business plan, client welcome package, and policies and procedure manual. Material presented is relevant to both the litigation and the transactional lawyer.
5730Law Review1-3Pass/Fail
Credit for work as prescribed by the faculty for members of the Missouri Law Review. Graded S/U.
5095Lawyering;  Problem Solving and Dispute Resolution1-2Graded
This course is designed to provide students an introduction to critical lawyering skills; to give students an overview of the alternative processes that a lawyer can employ to resolve a client's problem; and to offer students an understanding of the lawyer's role as a problem solver. It includes an introduction to Interviewing, Counseling, Negotiation, Mediation, Arbitration, mixed dispute resolution processes and ways to choose or build a dispute resolution process.
5090Legal Reasoning1-2Pass/Fail
A limited enrollment course designed to assist first-year students to better understand the legal system, prepare for examinations and improve their legal analysis and reasoning skills.
5080Legal Research & Writing1-2Graded
An introduction to the basics of legal research (using print materials), legal citation and legal writing. Each student writes two objective office memoranda, and a client letter.
5745Legislation1-3Graded
Study of how statutes are drafted, adopted, and interpreted. The principal focus of the course is on the interpretation of statutes by courts.
5746Legislative Practicum1-3Pass/Fail
Students will be assigned to work with individual lawyer legislators, or lawyer staff, at the Missouri General Assembly, averaging 8-10 hours per week. The students will assist members of the General Assembly by drafting legislation, preparing materials for hearings, and conducting research and analysis to respond to broad public policy issues as well as constituent concerns. On occasion students may be assigned to legislative committees, legislative staff support services, or to groups lobbying for legislation. There will be a required classroom component which may cover such topics as: the legislative process (primary emphasis on Missouri); interest groups in the legislative process; ethical issues relating to legislators, legislative lawyers, and lobbyist generally; bill drafting; legislative advocacy; and Missouri specific statutory interpretation issues. Current and former legislators and staff may serve as periodic guest professors. Students will be expected to meet periodically with the professor and to maintain a journal of their activities. No Prerequisites, graded Pass/Fail. NOTE WELL: The legislative session typically begins at 4PM on Mondays and tends to end Thursday afternoon. There are no sessions on Friday and many legislators are gone on Friday. It is important that you keep as much free time as possible in your schedule on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday to have time to work in Jefferson City.
5748Life Skills for Lawyers1-3Graded
Readings and discussions will focus on how members of the class want to live their lives as a lawyer. Students will be asked to examine their law school experience and visualize their place in the legal profession. Various problems faced by lawyers (e.g. the pressure to produce billable hours and dealing with clients) will be discussed. Some of the positive aspects of being a lawyer will be identified. The emphasis will be on what the problems and opportunities mean to you personally and the importance of taking responsibility for your own personal and professional life. (Not available to students on probation, except for students classified as 3L students.)
5750Local Government Law1-3Graded
Structure and powers of local government units; state-local relations, including "home rule"; local government finance, including taxation and indebtedness; incorporation and annexation; eminent domain; tort liability; land use controls; labor relations. Prior or concurrent enrollment in 5220 Constitutional Law is required.
6500London Law Consortium1-16 
MU cooperates with several other law schools to provide a special opportunity to spend a semester in London in your second or third year. For more information contact the Associate Dean.

M

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5760Media Law1-3Graded
Focuses on practical aspects of representing plaintiffs and defendants in media law cases and in access cases. Includes access to records and meetings, computerized government databases; damage control in libel, invasion of privacy, negligence and outrage and aiding and abetting; taking pictures and recording phone conversations; search warrants vs. privacy protection act; FCC and FTC rules; copyright and Internet issues; gag orders and access to court proceedings.
5765Mediation1-3Graded
A study of the process in which a neutral third party assists others in resolving a dispute or planning a transaction. Includes discussion of the nature of mediation and its relationship to other forms of dispute processing, its possibilities and limitations and future uses. The course addresses the mediation movement as it regards public policy, politics, professional responsibility, malpractice, and negotiation. Students develop mediation and negotiation skills through readings, demonstrations, and experiential exercises.
5770Mediation Clinic1-2Pass/Fail
This Clinic will give students an opportunity to develop and refine their mediation skills by observing and participating in simulated and real mediation cases. The class will be mediating cases referred by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, the Missouri Commission on Human Rights, the Personnel Advisory Board and private parties. Students can also be mediate small claims cases filed in the 13th Circuit (Boone County). Participation will be enhanced by ongoing supervision and feedback. Class time will be spent exploring issues that arise in the mediations and discussing other matters that will give students a better conceptual and practical framework as to how the mediation process fits in their role as future advocates or neutrals. A prerequisite is successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in the Mediation course (5765) or an approved training. The Mediation Clinic is offered in one semester each year with priority to J.D. students and in the other semester with priority to LL.M. students. J.D. students may enroll in the semester when the LL.M. students have priority if space is available. This course is graded S/U.
5775JESL (Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Law)1-3Pass/Fail
Credit for work as prescribed by the faculty for members of the Missouri Environmental Law & Policy Review. Graded S/U.
5780Mental Disability & the Law1-2Graded
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology are burgeoning fields. The news media frequently reports sordid details of heinous crimes that the general public believe could only have been perpetrated by a madman and simultaneously, calls are made to bring these individuals to justice. Social sentiments, and thus public policy initiatives, are becoming increasingly conservative and restrictive in the management of individuals who have a mental disorders and have become entangled in the criminal justice system. This course will explore the impact and interaction of mental disability and the law with a special focus on issues related to the criminal context. Topics will include: mental disorders: comparison and contrasts between clinical and legal definitions; functional implications of mental disorders; legal and clinical issues in the process of criminal forensic evaluations; competence to stand trial; insanity and related defenses; disposition of insanity aquittees; clinical predictions of dangerousness and sexually dangerous persons; competence to be executed; involuntary hospitalization; involuntary treatment; right to treatment; right to refuse treatment; Americans with Disabilities Act; confidentially; rights of criminally committed persons; sexual predator legislation; and therapeutic jurisprudence.
5785Mergers & Acquisitions1-3Graded
This course will introduce students to the issues related to corporate mergers and acquisitions, including valuation, accounting, structuring, tax, and regulatory considerations. Enrollment in the course is limited. As part of the class, teams will be created to work on a simulated transaction.
5793Missouri Administrative Law1-3Graded
The Missouri Administrative Law class will examine the philosophical underpinning for the creation of the Administrative Hearing Commission (AHC) and the practical realities of prosecuting and defending cases in that venue as a primer for practicing administrative law in Missouri. The course covers such topics as: the history of the AHC, statutory policy considerations, state administrative rule making process and implications, evidence, burden of proof, particular aspects of professional licensing, Department of Natural Resources permitting issues, personnel and discrimination claims, tax cases, judicial review, and attorney fees. The purpose of the course is to provide students with an opportunity to explore the rich variances in Missouri administrative law and to be knowledgeable and confident when faced with an issue in a state administrative venue
5795Modern Payment Systems1-3Graded
A study of the mechanisms by which credit is extended and payment is made in our society, including coverage of negotiable and quasi-negotiable instruments, letters of credit, bank card systems, and electronic funds transfer systems.
5800Moot Court I1-2Pass/Fail
Required only for those students participating in the National Moot Court or ABA Moot Court Competitions. Graded S/U.
5805Moot Court II1-2Pass/Fail
Required only for those students participating in the National Moot Court or ABA Moot Court Competitions. Graded S/U.

N

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5808Natural Resources1-3Graded
Water Law -- diffused surface water, groundwater, riparian rights, prior appropriation, permit systems, recreational rights, public trust doctrine, interstate allocation, federal project & regulatory powers; Mining, Oil & Gas Law - severance and classification of mineral interests, mineral leases & royalties, implied covenants, regulation of oil & gas production, pooling & unitization, surface owner rights, surface reclamation.
5810Negotiation1-3Graded
Negotiation is an essential skill for most lawyers, regardless of practice area. Lawyers must negotiate with their counterparts, clients, partners, staff, courts, and many others in the course of representing a client. This course provides an in-depth understanding of the different models of negotiation, and practical skill development for meeting the many challenges that negotiation presents.

P

Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5815Partnership Taxation1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Basic Federal Income Taxation

This course will study the federal income tax treatment of partnerships and other entities treated as partnerships, including limited liability companies. The course will examine partnership formations, contributions to and distributions from partnerships, partnership operations, including special allocations of income and losses among partners, transfers of partnership interests, and partnership dissolutions. This course will be taught using the problem method of instruction.
5820Patent Law and Policy1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Civil Procedure

This course will provide comprehensive coverage of the U.S. Patent Laws for those interested in obtaining general information about patents, as well as for those interested in practicing before the Patent and Trademark Office. The course will trace an invention through the application, examination, reconsideration, re-examination and litigation processes. If time permits, there may also be coverage of international treaties that affect U.S. Patent Laws as well as some comparison of U.S. Patent Laws and the Patent Laws of select countries. There are no course prerequisites and a technical background is not required because the course primarily focuses on the Patent Act, its requirements and its jurisprudence. Thus, students need only be familiar with applying statutes and cases to a fact pattern. In lieu of an examination or a paper, up to six written projects, between 3-10 pages each (approx. 40 pages overall), will be due at the semester, giving students an intensive writing experience. The professor will review drafts of some of these projects during the semester and all of the projects will be discussed in class. These projects will allow students to help solve a clients hypothetical patent problem as we work through the Patent Act and its jurisprudence. Students may also have the opportunity to engage in client interviewing and counseling in order to complete the projects. There are no prerequisites and a technical background is not required.
5821Patent Prosecution 1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Patent Law and Policy

This course will focus primarily on the practical application of substantive U.S. patent law, including the laws governing the patentability of particular inventions, the patent procurement process, the rights granted by a patent, and patent enforcement and litigation. In particular, this class will focus on teaching students how to draft a patent application and how to prosecute the application in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
5830Pretrial Litigation1-3Graded
Will focus on the study of the legal principles, techniques, strategies and skills which pertain to civil pretrial practice, including: professional and ethical considerations, case selection, case investigation, development of a case theory, pleading, discovery, pretrial conference, motion practice, settlement process, and alternative dispute resolution.
5835Products Liability1-3Graded
A study of civil liability for personal injury, property damage, and economic loss caused by defective products. The study includes actions for negligence, strict liability, breach of warranty and misrepresentation. The study also includes defenses to those actions and and the effect of state and federal legislation on those actions.
5280Professional Responsibility1-3Graded
Responsibilities of lawyer to client, courts and the public. Topics include: organization of the legal profession, fees, conflicts of interest, the confidential relationship, advertising and solicitation, unauthorized practice and courtroom behavior.
5050Property1-5Graded
Classification of real and personal property, rights to found goods, bailments, possession and adverse possession, estates in land and future interests, and concurrent ownership. Landlord and tenant, easements, profits and licenses, covenants running with land and equitable servitudes, contracts for the sale of land, conveyancing and recording of conveyances.
5840Public Policy Dispute Resolution1-3Graded
"Public Policy disputes", such as those that occur in the energy, environmental, education, and health industries, are complex and challenging to manage. This course will explore the intersections of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of both state and federal government and legal strategies for shaping public policy, whether through litigation, legislation, regulation, alternative dispute resolution or a combination of processes. We will look at two case studies and at least one current issue.
5845Publicly Held Corporations1-3Graded
This course focuses on legal issues most relevant to large corporations. Recommended for students interested in purusing a career in corporate law or for students desiring study in corporate law beyond the Business Organizations course.

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Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5847Race-Based Remedies1-3Graded
This class will be legal history course that takes us from Dred Scott to the recent school-districting cases. It will study the legal, social, and public policy issues raised when government takes race into account, as in affirmative action programs and voting rights cases. The class will study the key Supreme Court decisions and will focus primarily on track the evolution of the Court's thinking about this issue during the fifty years that have passed since it decided Brown v. Board of Education. As part of this inquiry, the class will Court's choices when it has faced crucial doctrine "forks-in-the-road," such as whether to permit race-based remedial measures to cure proven racial discrimination, whether to permit race-conscious remediation for "societal" discrimination, and when to conclude that too much time has passed for further remediation. The class will also examine the Court's current shift to a "diversity" rationale and explore the implications of that shift for the fate of existing race-based programs. In addition, we will examine data about the racial achievement gap and its historical roots and ask how that history informs our thinking. If enrollment is under 20, then this class will be conducted as a seminar in which students often lead discussion. Grades will be based on two 10 page papers (probably 40% each) and on class participation (20%) which may include an assignment to be a class "discussion leader." If it is larger, then a final examination will be combined with class participation duties.
5856Real Estate Finance1-3Graded
This course examines legal and transactional issues relating to the financing of real estate. The course covers mortgage documentation; the use of mortgage substitutes; the rights and obligations of the mortgagor and the mortgagee prior to foreclosure; transfers of mortgaged property; transfers of mortgages and securitization; payment and discharge of mortgages; default and foreclosure; priority disputes between conflicting liens on real estate; and the impact of bankruptcy on real estate transactions. The grade will be based upon a final examination.
5857Real Estate Finance Skills Training1Graded
Prerequisite(s): Concurrent registration in Real Estate Finance is required.

Students will participate in a weekly seminar class focused on the review, negotiation and drafting of mortgages, deeds of trust, assignments of rents and leases, and other collateral loan documentation (including commercial leases). The grade for the course will be based upon student performance on drafting and practice skills assignments. Projects may include the review, negotiation and drafting of a mortgage, deed of trust, or installment land contract; the review of a loan policy of title insurance; review and evaluation of commercial leases. Student projects will include both individual and group work.
5858Real Estate Transactions1-3Graded
This course examines issues relating to the transfer of real estate and the practice of transactional real estate law. The course covers conveyance documentation, the recording system, title and survey review, title insurance, purchase and sale transactions, basic entity structure and tax considerations, environmental review, commercial leasing, valuation of real estate, and project cash flow. The grade will be based upon a final examination.
5859Real Estate Transactions Skills Training1Graded
Prerequisite(s): Concurrent registration in Real Estate Transactions is required.

Students will participate in a weekly seminar class focused on contract drafting, negotiation, due diligence, and client management in the context of a transactional real estate practice. The grade for the course will be based upon student performance on drafting and practice skills assignments. Projects may include the negotiation and drafting of a purchase contract; the negotiation and modification of a commitment for title insurance; survey review; review and evaluation of a commercial lease; lease drafting and negotiation. Student projects will include both individual and group work.
5865Religious Liberty & Church-State Relations1-3Graded
A study of the protection of religious liberty and the structuring of church-state relations under the U.S. Constitution and selected federal statutes. Examination of how religious freedom developed and analysis of Supreme Court cases decided under the establishment, free exercise, and free speech clauses of the First Amendment.
5870Remedies1-3Graded
Survey of damages, history of equity; coverage of various equitable remedies and their adequacy, practicability, defenses, procedural problems, enforcement of decrees, merger of law and equity and contempt.
5875Research1-3Graded
Independent Research with a faculty member is available during the Summer, Fall and Spring Semesters. Any student enrolling for Research credit must designate at the time of enrollment the professor who will supervise the research project. Credit is earned at the rate of 20 pages per credit hour. No more than three hours of Research may be taken or counted toward the law degree. Enrollment in 5875 may, but need not, be structured so as to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement. Enrollment in 5875 Research satisfies the Law School's writing requirement only if the project culminates in an individually authored paper of at least 20 pages, based on independent research, through a process that involves an initial draft, critique by the supervising faculty members, and rewrite.

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Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5880Sales and Leases of Goods1-3Graded
The course covers the law governing the domestic sale and lease of goods, primarily focusing on warranties of quality under Articles 2 and 2A of the Uniform Commercial Code and related state and federal legislation.
5885Secured Transactions1-3Graded
The course focuses on the creation, enforcement and treatment in bankruptcy of security interests created under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
5890Securities Regulation1-3Graded
Financing of businesses through the sale of securities. Emphasis on federal securities acts, with some consideration of state statutes. Consideration of the registration process, exemptions from registration, the special antifraud rules, liabilities and criminal penalties; reporting, insider trading and proxy solicitation problems.
5895Selected Seminar Topics 1-3Graded
Seminar topics selected by the Instructor. Topics in past seminars have included Child Protection, Health Insurance, International Protection of Human Rights, the Death Penalty, Race, Gender, Sexual Orientation, Ethical Dilemas of the Criminal Defense Lawyer.
5905Sports Law1-3Graded
Substantive areas of concentration include sports litigation, labor law, NCAA regulations, legal relationships in professional sports, anti-trust aspects of sports activities, and collective bargaining.
5910State Constitutional Law1-2Graded
Since the departure of Chief Justice Warren, the U.S. Supreme Court and other federal courts have taken a less expansive view of the rights granted by the U.S. Constitution. Congress has also taken steps to turn over both funds and authority to states. Both developments have increased the importance of state constitutional law. The course would be taught in three parts: (1) History of state constitutions; their relationship to the U.S. Constitution and the major differences among them; (2) Individual rights; instances in which state constitutional provisions that are facially similar or identical to the Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution, have been interpreted by state courts to extend beyond the federal rights, and instances where state constitutions guarantee individual rights that are different from or in addition to those in the U.S. Constitution; and (3) Governmental obligations and authority; Constitutional provisions allocating governmental authority, such as limitations on legislative authority, the authority of the people to act through referendum or initiative and the relative authority of independent constitutional and officers.
5913State Securities Law and Regulation 1-3Graded
This course is concerned with securities law and regulation for the Missouri attorney. With an emphasis on state "blue sky" law, topics covered will include securities regulations; registrations; exemptions; regulatory enforcement actions; investment professional registration and compliance; broker-dealer and investment adviser regulation and compliance; causes of action in FINRA arbitrations; and an introduction to hedge funds. Students will have the opportunity to draft pleadings, and private placement memoranda. Importantly, this course is not be duplicative of Securities Law, which is generally focused exclusively on federal securities regulation. Instead, this course would involve some federal securities concepts as a basis for understanding the relationship between state blue sky law and federal securities laws.

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Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5916Taxation of Property Transactions1-3Graded
Prerequisite(s): Basic Federal Income Taxation

This course will examine tax laws and policies fundamental to real estate investment. Topics incude deprecation and recapture, cash and accural methods of accounting, installments sales, non-recognition transactions, including like-kind exchanges nad involuntary conversions, and discharge of indebtedness issues arising out of real estate transactions. this course is designed to provide a detailed analysis of complex tax provisions necessary for advanced tax planning and will be taught using the problem method of instructions.
5915Tax Research1-3Graded
This course provides students with an in-depth exploration of methods and sources for researching tax issues. The course provides students an opportunity to gain experience in using tax research tools. While primarily applicable to tax research, the knowledge gained by students will be helpful in future practice, regardless of practice area. Grade will be based on written assignments to be completed throughout the semester and one final project.
5917Topics in Law1-3Graded
Various topics in law are explored in depth. Topics change each semester.
5070Torts1-5Graded
Principles and practices governing recovery of damages for injuries to person or property. Defamation, invasion of privacy, dignitary wrongs, products liability, fraud liability insurance, immunities and a survey of various "no fault" proposals.
5920Trademark Law1-3Graded
Nature of trademark law; common law and statutory trademarks and trade names; Lanham Act of 1946; distinctiveness; types of marks; qualification of marks for registration (use in commerce, intent-to-use certification, secondary meaning, abandonment); registration procedures; exclusive rights of trademark owner; scope of protection; concurrent use; infringement (including gray market use); international protection; remedies; state trademark acts; related common law doctrines: unfair competition, right of publicity, dilution; federal unfair competition and dilution; trademark usage on the Internet; domain name issues.
5923Transnational Litigation1-3Graded
Transnational litigation involves legal actions brought in national state courts and involving public and/or private actors from different nation states. Although international in nature, the course covers many of the same sorts of concerns that arise in other sorts of complex civil litigation and emphasizes practical strategy points for both litigators and transactional/commercial lawyers. This course addresses common areas of concern in private transnational litigation and provides students with an understanding of litigation tactics in this growing area of law. Topics include jurisdictional issues, forum selection, international service of process, international discovery, international choice of law, proving foreign law in U.S. courts, multiple proceedings (including parallel proceedings and interim/interlocutory assistance) and enforcement of foreign judgments. Course is graded.
5925Trial Practice1-4See Description
Prerequisite(s): Evidence

Techniques of pleading, discovery, opening statements, direct/cross examination of witnesses, preparing jury instructions and closing arguments. Each student participates in classroom problems selected from various phases and litigation and in two complete trials.

This course is graded in the Fall and Spring/Summer Semesters, and Pass/Fail during intercession.

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Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5930Voir Dire & Jury Selection1-2Pass/Fail
This course is designed to provide the students with hands-on experience in selecting a jury. Students will act as lawyers, jurors and one student presiding as judge in the concluding 2-1/2 hour courtroom simulation where a jury is selected after making challenges for cause and end exercising preemptory strikes. An actual case involving a badly injured young plantiff and a large corporate defendant--where liability is questionable--will be the basis for this exercise. The course will outline the purpose of voir dire and the law pertaining to jury selection. Students will learn active listening skills and how to interpret non-verbal behavior. Examples from prominent, practicing lawyers will be presented. The ultimate purpose of the course is to bring recognition that jury selection is an art--not a science-- and should be tailored to the facts of the case and the witnesses the attorney expects to present.

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Course #Course TitleCredit RangeGraded or Pass/Fail
5940White Collar Crime1-3Graded
Study of what are generally considered to be business or organizational crimes. General topics to be explored may include: mail and wire fraud, conspiracy, securities fraud, tax fraud, government contracting fraud (with particular emphasis on the False Claims Act), the Hobbs Act and the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.
5946Wrongful Convictions 1-4Graded
This course offers students an insider's look into the operation of the criminal justice system. It should be of particular interest to any student interested in working in a prosecutor's office, public defender's office or for a firm doing defense work. It is a prerequisite for any student wishing to enroll in the Innocence Project clinic. The course is designed to help students gain insight into features of the criminal justice system that have a tendency to produce wrongful convictions. In addition to examining the causes of wrongful convictions, the course will consider systemic reforms that might minimize convicting the innocent. We will also work with The Midwestern Innocence Project on cases of possible actual innocence. Finally, the class will also focus on recurring ethical issues that confront prosecutors and criminal defense lawyers.