Books and Book Chapters

Die Vorteilsausgleichung im amerikanischen und deutschen Recht (Frankfurt, A. Metzner Verlag, 1974), Arbeiten zur Rechtsvergleichung vol. 63, 170pp.

Problems, Cases and Materials in Professional Responsibility (St. Paul, West Publishing Co., 1985)(with Aronson and Devine). Teachers' manual 1986.  Id., 2d Ed. (1995).  Id., 3d ed. (2004, with Devine and Easton).

"Constitutional Law of the United States", in Ansay & Clark, eds., Introduction to the Law of the United States 49-90 (Deventer, Kluwer, 1992). Id., Second Edition (2002) pp. 53-96.

"Professional Services", vol. VIII International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law ch. 9 (Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck 1999), 129 pp.

Articles, Essays and Papers

"A Legal Aid Program for North Dakota", 42 North Dakota Law Review 293-305 (1966)

"The Dakota Civil Code: Notes for an Uncelebrated Centennial", 43 No. Dak. L. Rev. 485-517 (1967)

"The Dakota Civil Code: More Notes for an Uncelebrated Centennial", 45 No. Dak. L. Rev. 9-55 (1968)

"Taxes and Damages for Lost Earnings: Three Systems at Work", in II Ius Privatum Gentium (Festschrift für Max Rheinstein) 591-623 (1969, Tübingen, J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck))

"Notice, Costs, and the Effect of Judgment in Missouri's New Common-Question Class Action", 38 Mo. L. Rev. 173-218 (1973)

"Forms of Verdict -- Questions from the Jury and the Unusual Jury Verdict", in Contending with MAI (Univ. of Missouri 1975) pp. 46-56

"State Regulation of Alien Land Ownership", 43 Mo. L. Rev. 407-30 (1978)

"European Analogues to the Class Action: Group Action in France and Germany", 27 American Journal of Comparative Law 51-79 (1979)

"The Role of the Judiciary in the Process of Change", in Societies in Transition: The Social Impact of Economic Change (Univ. of Hamburg 1981)

"Recent Reforms in German Civil Procedure: The Constitutional Dimension", [1982] Civil Justice Quarterly (Eng.) 33-51

"Recent Developments in West German Civil Procedure", 6 Hastings International and Comparative Law Journal 221-282 (1983)

"Constitutional Issues in Civil Procedure: Recent Developments in the United States", [1984] Civ. Just. Q. 202-228

"Coercive Appointments of Counsel in Civil Cases In Forma Pauperis: An Easy Case Makes Hard Law", 50 Mo. L.    Rev. 527-562 (1985)

"Judicial Knowledge", 34 Am. J. Comp. L.(Supplement) 237-254 (1986)

"Emergency in the Constitutional Law of the United States", 38 Am. J. Comp. L. (Supplement) 389-420 (1990)

"The Influence of German Civil Procedural Thinking and of the ZPO in the United States", in Habscheid, et al., eds., Das Deutsche Zivilprozessrecht und seine Ausstrahlung auf andere Rechtsordnungen 400-415 (Bielefeld, Gieseking, 1991)

"New Missouri Rules on the Lawyer Disciplinary Process", 47 J. Mo. Bar 616-22 (1991)

"Adolf Homburger", in Lutter, et al., eds., Der Einfluss deutscher Emigranten auf die Rechtsentwicklung in den USA und in Deutschland, pp. 145-53 (Tübingen, Mohr, 1993)

"The Legitimacy of the Constitutional Judge and the Theory of Interpretation" (with R.S. Kay), 42 Am. J. Comp. L. (Supplement) 517-553 (1994)

"Associations of Lawyers in the U.S.A.", in Schlosser, ed., Integritätsprobleme im Umfeld der Justiz (Proceedings of the Association for International Procedural Law, vol. 7) 35-57 (1994)

"Varieties of Professional Independence", in Barcelò and Cramton, eds., Lawyers’ Practice & Ideals: A Comparative View 363-375 (1999)

"Constitutionalization of Law in the United States" (with R.S. Kay), 46 Am. J. Comp. L. (Supplement) 437-462  (1998)

“Recent Tendencies in the Position of the Lawyer: Common Law Countries and Scandinavia”, General Report for XIth World Congress of Procedural Law, Vienna, Austria, 1999

"Hate Speech in the Constitutional Law of the United States", 50 Am. J. Comp. L. (Supplement) 463-492 (2002)

“Encouraging Courage: Law’s Response to Fear and Risk”,  69 Mo. L. Rev. 1115-1122 (2004)

“Constitutional Referendum in the United States of America”, 54 Am. J. Comp. L. (Supplement) 485-504 (2006)

“Plurality of Political Opinion and the Concentration of Media in the United States”, 58 Am. J. Comp. L. (Supplement) 505-532 (2010)


Review of Simon, The Jury and the Defense of Insanity, 44 No. Dak. L. Rev. 580-585 (1968)

Review of Christensen, Lawyers for People of Moderate Means, 36 Missouri Law Review 602-09 (1971)

Review of Friendly, Federal Jurisdiction: A General View, 39 Mo. L. Rev. 481-7 (1974)

Review of Perry, The Constitution, the Courts, and Human Rights, 48 Mo. L. Rev. 837-46 (1983)

Review of Kaplan, Clermont, et al., Ordinary Proceedings in First Instance (ch. 6 of vol. XVI, INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF COMPARATIVE LAW), 36 American Journal of Comparative Law 168-174 (1988)

Review of de Falkeneer and Dehan, eds., L`Exercice en société des professions liberales, 1990 RabelsZeitschrift 814-818

Review of Ring, Wettbewerbsrecht der freien Berufe and Werberecht der Rechtsanwälte, 18 International Journal of Legal Information 232-4 (1990)

 Review of Hirte, Berufshaftung, 46 Am. J. Comp. L. 202-210 (1998)