The MU School of Law offers a collegial environment, reinforced by a small student body and a low faculty-student ratio. The intimacy of this setting, coupled with reasonable cost, consistently high bar passage rates, a network of alumni around the globe and access to top scholars in the legal world, make MU Law one of the best values in the nation.
The academic life of students at the MU School of Law is governed by a Code of Honor that has been adopted by the Faculty and the Student Bar Association.
Students should note that they generally will be required to report any Honor Code violation on state bar application forms.
Examples of cheating, based on prior cases arising at the School of Law, include, but are not limited to:
Examples of dishonesty include, but are not limited to:
Examples of obstructing the work of another include, but are not limited to:
Examples of impeding the administration of the Honor Code include, but are not limited to:
Examples of idea plagiarism include, but are not limited to:
Examples of professional misconduct in Missouri, based on Rule 4 of the Missouri Supreme Court Rules, the Rules of Professional Conduct, include, but are not limited to:
Examples of promoting or facilitating prohibited conduct include, but are not limited to:
Examples of attempting to commit prohibited conduct include, but are not limited to:
The School of Law will formulate a Student-Faculty Honor Committee in the manner described here. When necessary, Student-Faculty Hearing Panels will be selected from this Committee, as described below.
Examples of factors that may be considered include, but are not limited to:
If any portion of this Honor Code is invalidated or deemed unenforceable, the remainder of the Code will remain in effect.
The Honor Code defines plagiarism in sec. II (E,F):
"Plagiarism," when referred to under this Code, shall mean the act of copying literally or with insubstantial variations the written work of another and passing it off as one's own without regard to the quantum of copying involved. Further definition is provided in "Plagiarism -- A Comment," which is contained in the MU School of Law Student Handbook.
Section II makes it clear that plagiarism is a violation of the Honor Code:
The following conduct is deemed to be a violation of these Standards and this Code, without regard to knowledge that the conduct constitutes a violation: (a) Plagiarism in an academic matter. It is not a defense to a charge of plagiarism that there was not intent to deceive, to misrepresent, or to gain any unfair advantage by the conduct.
Plagiarism may have two quite distinct consequences:
Each of these results is independent of the other; hence, a grade may be reduced even if the Honor Code Committee does not find a violation, and the Committee may recommend sanctions even though the faculty member involved does not reduce the grade. Further consequences, less direct but of great importance, include the possibility that a question may be raised concerning a student's character and fitness for bar admission, and may result in a hearing before one or more bar committees. This could delay or even prevent the student's sitting for the bar examination. All of these consequences are serious and extremely distressing to everyone involved.
This comment is intended to clarify your understanding of plagiarism. Please refer to it whenever you begin work on any law school writing assignment.
There are two standard ways of identifying material as copied from another source. They are:
Copied material should always be identified as such in one of these ways. Further guidance on appropriate style for quoting both lengthy and brief material can be found in A Uniform System of Citation, sec. 5.1 et seq. (16th ed. 1996).
The reason that mere inclusion of citations alone is no defense to a charge of plagiarism should now be clear: if the text you submit is not set within quotation marks or block indented, a faculty member or other reader is entitled to assume that it is your own composition. If your text is accompanied by a footnote or other citation, the reader will normally assume that the cited source supports the position taken in the text, but will certainly not assume that the text was copied from the cited source. The only proper ways of indicating copying from the cited source are to use quotation marks or block indentation as described above.
The Law School encourages all students to use language, in both spoken and written communications, which includes both women and men in illustrations, examples, and hypothetical cases and which treats women and men with equal dignity and status. Today nearly half of all law students are women, and their numbers in the legal profession are growing rapidly. It is inappropriate to fall into a pattern in which only males appear in legal discussions, or in which women appear only in subordinate roles.
Here are some specific suggestions.
Improving our mode of expression in these ways is not automatic; it requires thought and concentration. But accuracy of expression and fairness to others should be characteristic of every lawyer and law student.